Familiarity with all computer parts and hardware

Familiarity with all computer parts and hardware

Familiarity with all computer parts and hardware
Familiarity with all computer parts and hardware

The components and elements inside a computer case are called computer hardware. Among the computer hardware (accessories), we can mention hard drive, RAM, graphics, etc. Computer hardware consists of several parts, but the most important part is the motherboard. Because all the components inside the case are connected to the motherboard so that your system has its own working process. In computers, hardware and software are interconnected. Without software, a computer’s hardware will have no function. Also, without hardware installation (to perform tasks by the software through the central processing unit), the efficiency of the software will be useless. Computer hardware is limited to tasks that are designed to be independent and very simple. Software implements algorithms (problem solutions) that allow a computer to perform much more complex tasks.

Case, protective role in computer hardware – types of computer hardware

Bags, while useless without computer hardware, serve as a power supply protector. If you take all the hardware out of the case, you will find the drive racks and expansion slots well. 3.5-inch and 5-inch shelves can be used to hold hard drives and disk drives. Today, however, there are small cases called “mini-cases” that have much smaller shelves that reach 1.4 inches. Development slots are located on the back of the cases, and they are designed and cut in such a way that components and hardware can be easily attached to the motherboard.

Motherboard, the most important part of computer hardware – types of computer hardware

In computer hardware, the electrical circuit board on which all components and hardware, including CPU, Ram, etc. are installed, is called the motherboard. The set of slots used to connect peripherals, including sound, graphics, and RAM cards, are called expansion card sections. Development cards allow you to upgrade these components in addition to installing them. Slots in the back of the case are used to place connectors and connect cables and external accessories. Graphics processors (CPUs), sockets and memory slots, BIOS (batteries), drive connectors, etc. are installed on this circuit board.

Asus, GIGABYTE, Intel, etc. are the main manufacturers of motherboards. The current version of motherboards is DDR4, which supports the new and advanced generation. To identify the alignment of your motherboard, just install the CPU-Z software and see the volume of your motherboard from the Mainboard section.

CPU, the smart brain among computer hardware – types of computer hardware

Among computer hardware, in the technology industry, the CPU is the brain of the computer. Your computer is responsible for processing the input and output information of the CPU. In fact, CPUs are electronic chips that perform processing, logic, math, and control operations. Microprocessors are the most important part of a computer.

The CPU itself consists of the following parts:

Unit of arithmetic and logic
Stable memory
Control unit
Fast memory

Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) is an important part of the CPU that performs computational operations (such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division), data comparison operations (smaller and larger), and logic operations (such as OR). And AND).

The function of the Control Unit (CU) is to control the receipt of data from the input unit, to control the internal operations of the CPU, and to control the transmission of information to the output unit. This unit acts like a nervous system to control other parts of the computer.
Registers are small units of memory used to quickly and temporarily store results in the CPU. There are several registers in each CPU.
Fast or cache memory is very high speed memory, which is intended to increase CPU performance.

CPU speed is measured in terms of the number of instructions it can execute per second, and is measured in MHz (million commands per second) or GHz (billion commands per second).

Advanced CPUs up to version 7 are now supported on next generation systems. You can find your system CPU in GHz in the properties menu in My Computer.
Graphics Card Representative of Computer Hardware Visual Interface – Types of Computer Hardware
In computer hardware, although graphics seem to be the interface between the monitor and the computer, they actually have potentials that are not found in any part of a computer. You perform professional operations such as recording and editing movies, advanced computer games and even watching movies through this hardware. Modern graphics cards are supported up to GTX versions. Inexpensive graphics cards are no longer responsive to advanced games, and GTX and RX models are now being used instead of previous generations of GT. Graphics card inputs and inputs are divided into DVI, HDMI and VGI. Intel graphics cards are mostly used in software and AMD Redon graphics cards are mostly used in advanced games (gaming).

RAM, electronic memory of computer hardware – types of computer hardware
The electronic memory of computer hardware is RAM. Main Memory is the storage area of ​​your computers that microprocessors have direct access to. Primary memory is a critical memory in your system without which a computer can not run and run programs. Due to the high access speed, this type of memory is divided into integrated circuits and divided into two forms: RAM and ROM.
RAM is an electronic memory, in which high performance, applications are placed to run. These types of memory are read and write, so that they can both read and write information. The computer starts writing information to the RAM in the first empty space. But the important thing is that this information is never reviewed. As a result, the write speed on this type of memory is maximized. For this reason, this type of memory is also called “random access memory”. RAM is an electronic memory that is activated when your computers are turned on and lost information when the computer is turned off.
ROM is an electronic memory that contains instructions for identifying, controlling, and operating a computer. In the ROM, no information is entered or exited, and no information is erased when the power is turned off and the system is turned off. Computer users do not have access to this memory, and the computer automatically reads and executes its instructions when it is turned on.

Power, the power supply of computer hardware – types of computer hardware
Power, which is actually the power supply of computer hardware, is responsible for powering various computer components. Older power supplies are no longer capable of processing and supplying power to various components of modern motherboards. Therefore, the designers and manufacturers of the power supply have provided power supplies that can provide the necessary and sufficient power supply on advanced motherboards. One of these power supplies is the Green model, which has amazing processing capabilities. Power supplies actually receive city electricity and transmit it to various computer components.

Hard drive, your data storage among computer hardware – types of computer hardware
Your data is stored on PC hardware, Windows hard drives or drives. Whenever you try to save a project (such as a movie, music, file, etc.), it is actually saved on your hard drive. So the main task of the hard drive among the hardware is to constantly protect your information. The information inside the hard drive remains on the sectors until it is deleted. Hard drives have different parts.

Actuator: This part of the hard drive is responsible for controlling different parts. It’s actually called the hard brain.

Head Arm: It is called the mechanical arm part of the hard drive, which is the most central point of the hard drive.

Read / Write: Read and write data and information from this section.

Platter: The plotter protects your data and information.

Spindle: Through this section, the targets can read and write data and information on different parts of the hard drive.

Hard drives are divided into two categories: HDD and SSD. HDDs are the most used among users and SSDs are mostly used by users who need high speed operating systems. In fact, SSD hard drives are a set of drives that are used to process data in operating systems at the highest speed. PATA and SATA cables are among the cables that are connected to the motherboard via hard drive.

Sound card, computer hardware audio converter – all kinds of computer hardware
Among computer hardware, the sound card is responsible for transferring audio files to audio players. In fact, every time you play a song, the CPU receives information and transmits it to the sound card. Finally, the sound card sends the received information to the speaker and the desired music is played. Despite the external sound card, there are sound cards that are mostly designed in the form of a USB output interface, which is mostly used when the internal sound card has a problem. Most sound cards require driver installation. In fact, the sound card is an interface circuit between the speaker and the information received in the CPU.

DVD-ROM, Computer Hardware Supplement – Types of Computer Hardware
CDs and DVDs are played on your system via DVD-ROMs. You can access the contents of CDs and DVDs through this computer hardware. Despite reading CDs and DVDs, DVD-ROMs also have the ability to write or burn. With most software, such as Nero and ImgBurn, you can burn multiple files, such as movies and music, to raw CDs and DVDs. Internal DVD-ROMs are connected to the motherboard and computer power (power), and external DVD-ROMs called Slim Portable today can well replace internal DVD-ROMs.

BIOS, one of the computer hardware in the Rom category – types of computer hardware
BIOS stands for Basic Input / Output System among computer hardware and is actually a special electronic chip that is located on your computer motherboards and has the necessary content to run the operating system software. has it. BIOS is a type of Rom memory, also called a battery. ROM, which is read-only memory, unlike RAM, does not store temporary information, and the information in this chip can not be deleted or modified. Therefore, after turning off the system without user access, the information is deleted. There are also Flash BIOS types that can be deleted and eventually replaced with newer versions on the motherboard, see Ram for comparison between BIOS and Ram.

Computer ports, effective user interfaces among computer hardware – types of computer hardware
Serial ports (serial): Among computer hardware, serial ports are actually sockets located on the back of your computer. These ports allow you to add new hardware such as mice or modes. These ports are usually called Com1 or Com2. The word Com is actually derived from the word Communication meaning communication, so a abbreviated Com Port is a Communication Port.

USB ports: USB ports are new in the world of technology. You can connect multiple devices to the same port as converters and create different ports from them. In the past, you had to disconnect one device from the system and connect another device. But this is not necessary today. Apart from mobile phones, digital cameras and webcams are among the devices that use the USB port. USB3 is faster than LPT and Com ports in data exchange. As a result, USB3 ports are able to transfer data faster between computers and peripherals.
Parallel ports: Parallel ports such as Com Port that allow you to connect new equipment such as printers and scanners to your computer. The parallel port is commonly known as LPT1 or LPT2. In the image below, you can see the names of all the ports.